Tsavo National Park, Safaris, Lodges and tented Camps in Tsavo East and West
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    Tsavo National Park, Kenya

    Some pleasures have no comparison and no equal, the Tsavo National Park is one such place, it has its own identity and a place of great contrasts, the twin National Parks of Tsavo East National Park and Tsavo West National Park together form Africa’s largest wilderness reserves, the Tsavo National Park is larger than the island of Jamaica,


    Michigan, Wales, or Israel, and large enough to have been split into two separately managed parks, sadly divided up by the country's busiest highway, an ill-considered deathtrap for animals instinctively roaming between the unfenced reserves. With the constant roar of traffic chasing between Nairobi and Mombasa, were it not for the frequent scenes of road kill that includes rarely spotted animals, you'd hardly suspect that each of the adjacent parks shelters an overwhelming abundance of wildlife, including a third of Kenya's total elephant population -- just more than 11,000 of the beasts roam this ecosystem. If you have any say in the matter, ask your driver to slow down while driving between Nairobi and Mombasa. Tsavo National Park as a whole consists of 10 million acres of pure wilderness, incorporating savannah, ranges and hills, acacia and montane forest, and an extensive river system; the vast plains of Tsavo National Park are crossed by the main Nairobi-Mombasa railroad, this historic railway was, in 1899, the scene of one of Africa’s greatest Adventure stories, two large lions actively preyed on the railway workers as they built a bridge over the Tsavo river, claiming over 120 victims, they evaded hunters for well over a year, and the legend of the Man-eaters of Tsavo was born. The sheer scale of Tsavo National Park gives the visitor a chance to really get away from it all, and to explore the wild in total solitude, on Tsavo National Park safari you will see large herds of Elephant, their hides often a luminous red with dust, as well as Lion, Buffalo, Eland, Giraffe Impala, Kudu and possibly Rhinoceros. Tsavo National Park Kenya is a birdwatcher’s paradise with numerous species of weavers, hornbills, sunbirds, rollers, and raptors commonly seen.


    One of Tsavo National Park Kenya most interesting geographical features is the Lugard Falls, where white water rages through a series of spectacular rock formations, also not to be missed is the volcanic Mzima springs. These natural springs produce 50 million gallons of fresh sparkling water daily, these waters are alive with shoals of barbel and Hippopotamus and waterfowl, a unique underwater observatory has been built that gives you an incredible view of this crystal clear underwater world, where massive hippos glide silently through swirling shoals of barbell, These springs have created a sprawling wetland paradise of giant Raphia palms and oases alive with water birds. Both Tsavo West National Park and Tsavo East National Park are ideal for those who enjoy solitude and a chance to explore wilderness without encountering other people. Tsavo National Park Lodges and Tsavo National Park Camps tend to be remote and accessible by road safaris or air safaris. Of the two Parks, Tsavo East National Park is the more remote and less visited. Many of these can organize game walks and other safari activities; the relative proximity of Tsavo East National Park to the Mombassa coast makes it an ideal Kenya safari destination for those staying on the Mombassa or Malindi coast, or wishing to combine a safari and beach holiday. Many Kenya coast based visitors combine Tsavo National Park safaris with visits to the Shimba Hills and Taita game sanctuaries, Amboseli National Park, or the Chyulu Hills. The bird life is as varied as the landscape, from the conspicuous flocks of Golden-breasted Starlings around most of the park to the dull, skulking Evergreen Forest Warbler in the Chyulu hills. Tsavo is home to both species of Kenyan Ostrich with the Common Ostrich present in Tsavo West and the Somali Ostrich in Tsavo East. Hartlaub's Bustard is found in both parts of the National Parks.


    Tsavo National Park Africa lies on one of the main migration routes for northern hemisphere birds. Each year from September to November the Ngulia region becomes the base for a large-scale netting and ringing exercise. This provides important information on the migratory routes and the habits of many common northern species. This position on the migration route makes Tsavo National Park a good place to spot some of the rarer migrant falcons, with Eleonora's Falcon and the Sooty Falcon both being on the bird list for the region (they're most commonly seen in October and November although they may also be seen from March to May). Tsavo West National Park or at least the southern part of the Tsavo National Park is also fairly close to the Taita Hills. The Taitas are home to the Taita Thrush, an endangered species endemic to Kenya, and the Taita White-eye both of which are found only in that part of Kenya. Right down in the South-West corner of Tsavo on the border with Tanzania is Lake Jipe where some of Kenya's less common water birds, such as the African Water Rail, Purple Swamphen and Lesser Jacana can be seen


    Tsavo National Park was among the first national parks to be established in Kenya, in 1948, now combined with the Chyullu Hills National Park, the twin Tsavo West National Park and Tsavo East National Park cover an area of 21,754 square kilometers (8,399 square miles), more than 450 square kilometers (270 square miles), in all, this adds up to more than four per cent of Kenya’s total land area and is a measure of the country’s concern for its natural heritage. Almost half—a-million visitors enter Tsavo National Park Africa each year on packaged safaris, providing hundreds of thousands of dollars in revenue from park entrance fees. Tsavo National Park luxury lodges also pay handsome royalties for the privilege of providing five-star comfort in the wilderness, located at an altitude that ranges from 229 to 2,000 metres (750-6,500 feet), the eastern sector of the Tsavo National Park includes part of the 300-kilometre-long (186-miles) Yatta Plateau, and various volcanic hills, It’s otherwise a flat plain, drained by the Athi River, Tiva River, Tsavo River and Voi river. There are only two permanent rivers in this vast area. The Tsavo begins its life as snowmelt on Kilimanjaro and is greatly supplemented by a huge underground river flowing toward the famed Mzima Springs, a veritable oasis in Tsavo West. Meanwhile, the Athi River, in Tsavo East, begins near Nairobi. With the exception of small pockets of oasis like vegetation -- doum palms and Tana poplars that line the rivers and shelter the springs -- Tsavo's terrain can be extremely dry, dusty, and inhospitable, its mirage like plains broken by volcanic remnants and immense lava flows. Still, it's a landscape of unusual beauty and distinctive contrasts; the type of vegetation, in fact, varies so markedly that you'll notice distinct changes in the microclimate -- the temperature, even -- as you move around. One minute you might be watching hippos and crocodiles on a wide beach along the river, and the next observing the Tsavo's famous "red elephants" stomping in the dust. And with so much space in which to maneuver, it's not much of a challenge to steer clear of fellow visitors.


    As unique in character as in size, Tsavo National Park is an outstanding example of how Africa constantly reshapes itself in response to animal and climatic changes and for a discriminating minority; it is the most fascinating nature sanctuary on the African continent, more than sixty major mammal species roam its ranges, which contain more than 1,000 plant species, in the south these plants are typical of the Maasai grasslands and in the north more arid species survive best. Crocodiles are found in pools, the Mzima Springs, and the rivers of Tsavo East which they share with schools of fish and sounders of hippo. Once thickly-wooded, Tsavo West was transformed over the years into open grass and bush land by the great elephant herds which roamed endlessly across its red earth, in such trackless wastes, policing herds and poachers is an almost impossible task, ironically the Tsavo National Park Kenia name derives from the Akamba for ‘slaughter’. Transformed into a wildlife preserve by pioneering warden David Sheldrick, the arid Tsavo was, until the 1940s, unchartered, completely undeveloped, and known simply as the Taru Desert. As with so many officially protected parks, Tsavo National Park became a protected area because of its unsuitability for agriculture -- a tsetse fly infestation and lack of water kept this great swath of land from human exploitation. Previously, it served as hunting grounds for the Waliangulu and Kamba tribes, and it also saw some Anglo-German conflict during World War I. More recently, its outer extremities and northern reaches have been sites of bitter conflict between poachers and conservationists too ill equipped and understaffed to adequately police such a vast terrain. Nevertheless, authorities claim that they're winning the war on elephant and rhino poachers, and game numbers are on the increase. But with President Moi commitment to the conservation of these wildlife giants, the 1990s saw the balance restored. Another hazard that the Tsavo National Park wardens and rangers have to contend with is fire-either started spontaneously during the long, hot, dry summer, or by Akamba honey-hunters guided by the honey-guide bird, more than 100 of the Tsavo National Park tracks, out of 2,000 kilometers (1,250 miles) of dirt trails, are dedicated as fire breaks, the parks network of well-graded, well-maintained murram roads is one reason why it retains its special magic, getting to Tsavo National Park From Nairobi along the main Mombasa highway there are gates into Tsavo West at Mtito Andei and Kyulu, between Mtito Andei and Voi. From Amboseli in the south, Tsavo is 91 kilometres ( 56 miles) away-about a two-hour drive. Turn right on to the Oloitokitok road, then left down a corrugated road, through semi-permanent Maasai Manyattas and homesteads, skirting the base of the Chyullu Hills, you enter the Tsavo National Park Kenya itself, as announced by the sudden smoothness of the sandy road, well before arriving at the Chyulu Gate, this road is broken by the coalesced, tar-like waste of the Shaitani lava flow which spewed down from the Chyulus when they erupted out of the plain, the flow takes its name from the Swahili word for ‘devil’. Local lore says that if you clamber to the highest point of this fascinating flow you will vanish for ever, soon after crossing Shaitani you reach the Tsavo National Park Gate.


    There is daily scheduled passenger Tsavo National Park flight from Wilson Airport, Nairobi once daily departing Nairobi at 730 Am and arriving Tsavo National Park 820am and we have one-way tickets and return tickets depending with your need, these Tsavo National Park flights normally operate during high season daily from June to End of January and the rest of the month on weekly basis and with a minimum of 3 passengers for the flight to Tsavo National Park to be able to operate for picking or dropping Tsavo National Park. Private charter flights to Tsavo National Park from Nairobi, Mombasa, Malindi, Lamu Island, Ukunda are segmented into scenic flights, sightseeing flights, filming flights, aerial survey & photograph, The fleet for VIP charter flights ranges from 1 to 37 passengers on fixed wing aircraft and 3 and 5 seater on helicopter flights. Private executive jet flights ranges from 3 to 8 seater using Citation Bravo jet which can only land Kilaguni in Tsavo national park. The ultimate safaris to Tsavo National Park deserves the ultimate journey and our concept is unlike any other; we perceive traveling from one destination to another, as an equally vital part of your safari to Tsavo National Park experience and offers guided luxury flights with professional bush pilots and a silver awarded safari guide throughout the beautiful wildlife areas of Tsavo National Park, experience the utmost unique combination of adventures, relaxation, affectionate service and culinary highlights amidst the ‘Old African’ wilderness. Accommodation Tsavo National Park Just six kilometers (four miles) from the Chyulu Gate stands Serena Kilaguni Lodge, the first wildlife lodge built in a Kenyan national park, opened by England’s Duke of Gloucester in 1962 and now it is managed by Serena hotels, alternatively, you can stay at Ngulia Lodge, on the edge of a high, escarpment in the Ngulia Hills. Both merit and epithet ‘Superlative ‘. Kitani and Ngulia Safari Camps, two self-service camps, are a few kilometers from the Main lodges. We have Severin safari camp and Satao Camp in the Tsavo West national camp for accommodation and they are luxury & budget safari lodges and tented camps, and campsites. Tsavo national park being one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in the world has luxury & budget tented camps and campsites tailor-made to meet individual and group needs. Road safaris and flying safaris are available, daily road safaris departures on per person basis are available and we have daily scheduled flights from Nairobi to Tsavo.


    Tsavo West National Park


    Tsavo West National Park covers 7,065 square km or 2,728 square miles, which is a little less than a third of the total area comprising all of Kenya's national parks. With its diverse habitats of riverine forest, palm thickets, rocky outcrops and ridges, mountains and plains, it's more attractive and certainly more accessible than its counterpart Tsavo East National Park. In the north of Tsavo West National Park, heavily wooded hills dominate; in the south there are wonderful views over the Serengeti Plains. Take a boat ride or go birding on Lake Jipe, one of the most important wetlands in Kenya. If you like birds, you'll be keen to get a glimpse of the white backed night heron, African skimmers, and palm-nut vultures. The lake, which lies in the park's southwest corner on the Kenya/Tanzania border, is fed from the snows of Kilimanjaro and the North Pare mountains. There's evidence of volcanic activity everywhere in the Tsavo West National Park, especially where recent lava flows absorb the rainfall. In one spectacular spot, this rainfall, having traveled underground for 40 km (25 miles) or so, gushes up in a pair of pools at Mzima Springs, in the north of the park. The Tsavo West National Park is located in the Coast Province of Kenya, Although Tsavo West National park and Tsavo East National Park were once a single mega- National Park, they were separated decades ago, along a line coinciding with the Mombasa highway – and they feel like quite distinct national parks with different eco-systems: the open, flat-to-undulating plains and scattered bush of Tsavo East National Park and the much more wooded Read More


    Tsavo East National Park


    If you are looking for an authentic Africa experience from your luxury safari Tsavo National Park is the ideal destination. Here you can spend your days exploring some stunning unspoiled wilderness within the privacy and solitude of the beautiful park, the Tsavo East National Park is one of the oldest and largest parks in Kenya at 11,747 square kilometers. Tsavo East National Park is by far the biggest of Kenya’s parks. At more than 13,700km², Tsavo East is nine times bigger than the Masai Mara National Reserve: indeed you could fit the whole of the Mara reserve into the southern tip of Tsavo East National Park, opened in April 1948; it is located near the village of Voi in the Taita-Taveta District of Coast Province. The park is divided into east and west sections by the A109 road and a railway. Named for the Tsavo River, which flows west to east through the national park, it borders the Chyulu Hills National Park, and the Mkomazi Game Reserve in Tanzania. Tsavo East National Park is a beautiful landscape and proximity to the Mombasa Coast makes it a popular Kenya safari destination, Tsavo East National Park is accredited as one of the World's leading bio-diversity strongholds, bushy grassland and open plains alternating with savannah and semi-arid acacia scrub and woodlands. Green swathes cross the Tsavo East National Park where the river banks give rise to lush vegetation. North of Galana is a true wilderness. A number of leading safari companies offers private safaris throughout this area plus wildlife safaris, lodge safaris and camping safaris are a feature. Tsavo East National Park is recommended for clients on photographic safaris with its fabulous light and unbelievable Read More


    Tsavo National Park Game Drives


    It is easy to get to the Tsavo National Park of Kenya as the best time to visit the Tsavo National Park is very early or very late in the evening when the animals come out to look for food as the animals tend to sleep in the hot sun of the mid day. It is always open from 6.30 am to 6.30 pm on a daily basis with the available wardens located right at the gate to give the tourists the guidelines and rules to follow while in the park. You can use the public means of transport that originates from the airport and head straight to the park via Voi. There are also available light weight aircrafts that can take you directly to the Tsavo National Park airstrip in the southern side. Always ensure that you dress in loose cloths and if you like it you can come with your hat. For those who are camera lovers, you can take this advantage of taking the photos in the park and also have binoculars as an essential item. There are available Tsavo National Park guestrooms, Tsavo National Park lodges and restrooms right at the Tsavo National Park that provide the best services for tourists. They are also strategically built in the park such that you can view the wild animals moving in the bushes right from your resting rooms. In nut shell, come to Tsavo National Park this season and enjoy a quality time for your lifetime. Both Tsavo East National Park and Tsavo West National Park are fairly easily navigated with a good map as all tracks are clearly defined, and junctions are numbered. Bring all your own provisions into the park including petrol and water. You should be able to eat or drink at any of the lodges if you so desire. There is a shop at Voi Gate in the east selling (warm) beers, sodas, bread and some vegetables, and another shop in Tsavo West selling basic provisions.


    Tsavo National Park Wildlife


    Tsavo National Park is a place that captures one’s interest! It is everything that a national park should be. This is the Tsavo National Park. Though many describe Tsavo National Park as a minor safari destination, the reality is that this Tsavo National Park offers the visitor a chance to witness one of Africa’s most beautiful and diverse wildernesses; with open plains, dense bush lands, hills, valleys, rivers, lakes and an array of wildlife. Tsavo National Park’s Black Rhino population is protected in the fenced in, 70 square-kilometer, Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary. The visitor can also expect to see large numbers of giraffe, elephant and buffalo here as well too. Water holes- some near lodges and camps- around the Tsavo National Park attract a constant procession of wildlife. Elephants leisurely enjoy themselves at these points, with Impala and other antelope hanging around for the relative safety of the night floodlights. Tsavo National Park is home to big cats as well. Please note that these animals are not as accustomed to vehicles, as their counterparts in other National Parks and Game Reserves around the country. Chances for game drives in fully-open vehicles here are non-existent. The Tsavo National Park might also offer visitors a chance to see the African Wild Dog. However, these animals use the vastness of the Tsavo National Park, to remain elusive. The Mzima Springs, found in the Park, offers a habitat to hippos, crocodiles, monkeys and a large variety of birdlife. The under water viewing tank at the springs provides a unique view of hippos and crocodiles underwater. The Ngulia Hills, on the northern part of the Tsavo National Park, offers a natural checklist for the visitors. It over looks the Chaimu Crater, Rhino Valley, the Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary and the Tsavo River. Game drives in this area are quite productive. Dik-diks, antelopes and the beautifully marked lesser kudu form part of the highlight of the drive.


    Why Tsavo National Park?


    Generally the weather in Tsavo is warm and dry with the temperatures ranging from 20-40 celcius and rainfall from 200-700mm per year. Most of the year the park is dry and dusty, and it has been said that there isn’t ‘a best time to visit Tsavo’ as the park is always abundant with wildlife, you will just see different things at different times of the year. However, after the rains the National Park is especially beautiful, transformed with new grasses and a fantastic array of lush vegetation and wild flowers. Coupled with impressive landscape, Tsavo’s close proximity to Mombasa means it is an ideal location for those wishing to combine an exciting safari expedition with a relaxing stay on one of Kenya’s finest beaches. We offer number of safaris in Tsavo National park which incorporate a visit to Tsavo, and our one night safaris to Tsavo are ideal for safari first-timers or those who are seeking a ‘taster’ safari experience.


    Tsavo Red Elephants


    Tsavo National Park is home to the largest population of red-skinned elephants who are one of the outstanding features in this game sanctuary and the only red elephants in the world. These Tsavo National Park elephants are actually the same color as every other elephant though they just appear red due to constantly dust-bathing with the Park’s fine red volcanic soil. Thousands of them now inhabit the Park after the devastating effects of the widespread elephant poaching which occurred throughout the 1980s. The ivory trade ban almost a decade later completely halted the slaughter allowing wildlife-based photographic tourism to increase again, so the chances of seeing one are pretty high. Notable predators like the Masai lion, cheetah and leopard can be rather elusive added to the hilly landscapes and woodland of Tsavo National Park which makes spotting wildlife even more challenging. This is probably because they are not as accustomed to vehicles like their counterparts in other National Parks and Game Reserves around the country. Its other major wildlife attractions include, Black rhino, Hippos, Cape Buffalos, Masai giraffe and even monstrous crocodiles The Park also has a variety of other smaller animals such as the bushbaby, hartebeest, lesser kudu, Mongoose, Hyrax, Dik- dik, and Nocturnal Porcupine that can be spotted in the dark.


    How to Go to Tsavo National Park


    To access Tsavo National Park, there are two main gates to Tsavo are Mtito Gate and Tsavo Gate about 230 and 280kms south east of Nairobi on the main A109 Nairobi - Mombasa road. Chyulu Gate in the North West corner of the park is used by vehicles coming into Tsavo West from Amboseli National Park. 4WD and high clearance vehicles are required for this route and especially in wet weather. Other entries are at Ziwani Gate, Jipe Gate and Kasigau Gate. Buses from Nairobi to Mombasa pass near Mtito Andei Gate and Tsavo River Gate. Hitching to these gates is fairly easy,but since walking inside the park is not allowed, visitors without vehicles may have a very long wait here. Buses also run between Voi and and Taveta on the Tanzania border or even to Moshi in Tanzania through the park via Maktau and Mbuyuni Gates. The main entrance gate into Tsavo East National Park is Voi Gate, about 320 kms south-east of Nairobi, about 5 kms north of Voi town on the A109 Nairobi - Mombasa road. Other gateeds on the main Nairobi - ombasa road are at Manyani gate, 25kms north of Voi, and at Buchuma gate, 45 kms to the south-east. It is also possible to enter the park on the road from malindi via Sala Gate on the eastern boundary of the park. This route and that alongside river Galana between Manyani gate and Sala Gate may be impassable during the rains. Its is better to use the less direct route via Aruba dam. Buses ran between Nairobi and Mombasa via Voi. Hitching along this road is fine though people travelling without cars may find access a little difficult at any one of the gates.


    Tsavo National Park Accommodation


    Lodging Tsavo East National Reserve includes the Voi Lodge with 100 beds and the Tsavo Safari Camp with 68 beds. Lodges and accommodation outside the Reserve include: the Crocodile Tented Camp, near the Sala Gate, with 26 beds; Ziwani Tented Camp with 32 beds; and the Tsavo Inn with 92 beds. There are many campsite options in this reserve. Voi Gate Public Campsites which are about 0.5 kms inside the park gate are superb, but unfortunately some are somewhat rundown. Mukwaju Special Campsite is ideal for adventurers. It is 15 kms to the east of Aruba and has no facilities. Due to its isolated nature, it is best for reclusive campers. Other camping sites are Kimunyu campsite, Ndolo Campsite and Sala Gate camping site. Some other sites like Masalini and Crocodile Tented Campsites are not open to the public. There are three lodges within the boundaries of Tsavo West National Reserve. Lake Jipe Lodge has 74 beds, Ngulia Safari Lodge has 100 beds and Kilaguni Lodge has 106 beds. Located just outside of the Reserve are Finch Hattons with 70 beds, the Ziwani Tented Camp with 32 beds, and the Tsavo Inn with 92 beds. Kitani Safari Camp, which is a special camp, is best suited to experienced campers who must be completely self sufficient. This area can be full of game. As for Jipe Public Campsite located on the lower eastern shore of Lake Jipe, excellent views of the Pare Mountains and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania can be obtained at the lakeside site. Other camping sites are Kasigau Gate, Tsavo Gate and Kangechwa.


    Man Easters of Tsavo National Park


    The Tsavo is timeless. It is one of Kenya’s most stunning national parks, unrivaled in its diversity of landscapes and wildlife. Say the word man eaters and most people won’t know what you re talking about. Add in a few more words, mix and say: 'the man eaters of Tsavo'. Perhaps this will make sense now. If not, try another combination: "The Ghost in the Darkness," the names of movies has infinite power over our memories: 'ah yes...this was the movie where lions attacked a whole camp of railway line workers and halted the production. But what happened in the end, I can't seem to remember?' Although the movie was thrilling, the real story is far more intriguing: see the lunatic line at Tsavo National Park; the place where it all began. In 1898 the line that now divides Tsavo East and West was where the man eaters of Tsavo struck. 140 bodies later, the two lions that hunted and lived together were shot and killed by the person overseeing the railway at the time, Lt. Colonel Patterson. Today, see the lunatic line at Tsavo, or take the lunatic express, Africa's most famous train ride, where waiters with white jackets serve gourmet four-course evening meals.


    As the train slowly makes its way through the wilderness, you have momentary glimpses of giraffes and elands. The 'red elephants' famous in this area, given a red tinge by the ocher dust that is raised by their stomps and that falls in this area, make for fascinating viewing. A the end of the 19th century, when the British East Africa Company announced that it was planning to build a line from Mombasa into the highlands and over the Great Rift valley, into Uganda, skeptics laughed, saying "It is naught but a lunatics line," and so a new legend was born. The railway line, despite a few set backs such as the chilling kills made by the man eaters, eventually reached its target, and the name stuck. See the lunatic line that is, according to one politician of the day, "Going from nowhere to utterly nowhere," which today, is exactly the point: 'nowhere', but anywhere with elephants, lions, giraffes and majestic sunsets over vast plains that stretch out into, well...nowhere. Brilliant. See the lunatic line at Tsavo to witness history that had been forged with blood, sweat and tears. Or, as one railway report put it, "Man-eating lions, hostile tribes, wild animals that attacked the trains, mosquitoes, flies, locusts and caterpillars that caused the locomotives to slip on the rails."


    Climate in Tsavo National Park


    Tsavo West National Park is just a few degrees south of the equator. The temperature remains the same throughout the year at 27-31°C (81-88°F) during the day and 22-24°C (72-75°F) during the night. Humidity is high from December through April. The rainfall defines the seasons. The long rainy season, or monsoon season, is from March to May. The shorter rains come in October through December. Best Time to Visit January and February are good months to visit Tsavo, as well as June to September. Visiting during the heavy rainy season of March to May should be avoided as the roads become very muddy. There may be some rain from October to December. Temperatures stay at a pleasant 27-31C (81-88F) during the day and 22-24C (72-75F) at night year round. The best months for birdwatchers to see migratory birds are October to January. The best times to view the park's animals are early and late in the day, as they tend to sleep in the hot afternoon sun.


    What Will a Tsavo National Park holiday Cost?


    Although we have supplied the rack rates to Tsavo National Park lodges and Tsavo National Park camps, actual prices are very different when you factor in transfers, Tsavo National Park fees, and Tsavo National Park game drives, which is why you will inevitably have to deal with a Tsavo National Park tour operator or Tsavo National Park agent or a safari company in Tsavo National Park that has tented camps or safari lodges throughout the area you want to travel in order to get a realistic price quote on the whole safari to Tsavo National Park. Tsavo National Park is excellent online agent and a good place to start. Ultimately, you get what you pay for; if possible, aim for a more exclusive experience and -- if you're visiting the Tsavo National Park -- book somewhere near the Galana River. A fly-in safari to Tsavo National Park staying at permanent tented camps costs from $500 to $1,300 per person, per night, all-inclusive, depending on the company, time of year, and number of people and nights. In the 1970s, Tsavo National Park became a focal point for a great deal of mass-market safari tourism, and we've tended to highlight the alternatives to large lodges in Tsavo National Park and volume-driven experiences. Where larger Tsavo National Park lodges and Tsavo National Park camps can't be avoided, or represent really good value, we've included them, but have also pointed out the downside of staying in these types of places. Tsavo National Park has a number of excellent safari operators, all based in Nairobi or Mombasa. Tsavo National Park best one-stop safari operator, based in Tsavo National Park is African safaris and Adventures which works with many local and international safaris companies based in United states, united kingdom, Russia and Canada to provide an packaged holidays to Tsavo National Park without hassle with personal attention to detail, and the quality of the entire experience.


    Is It Possible to Cut Costs on Tsavo National Park safaris? –


    There's no getting around it: A Tsavo National Park safari will take a relatively hefty chunk out of your budget. Just as daily park fees add significantly to your daily costs, so do concession or operating rights within the park to your safari and Tsavo National Park accommodation -- no bad thing if all profits raised are poured back into conservation. Aside from this, running a tourist operation miles from the nearest town is incredibly costly -- fresh supplies need to be trucked or flown in, often at great expense (on inquiry, one Tsavo National Park camp informed us that they were currently paying $4 per orange, which made us appreciate the freshly squeezed juice all the more). You can reduce costs by staying in large Tsavo National Park lodges, such as those run by Serena lodges and joining group safari package tours, Even if you settle for a large lodge in Tsavo National Park to save money, we still strongly advise you, if possible, to budget for a private vehicle, as this will enhance your Tsavo National Park safari immeasurably. If necessary, put together your own group. Better still is to cut short the safari by a few days (but you will need to spend at least 2-3 nights in the Tsavo National Park bush to really experience it).


    Can I Hire a Car and Self Drive?


    Not really. Aside from Nairobi National Park, which is as well signposted as you'd expect from a Kenya national park bordering a capital city of Nairobi, operators will insist on supplying a driver with your vehicle. This is because local drivers know the vehicles and Tsavo National Park terrain better, and roads are not only virtually impassable in certain areas, but rarely marked. The driver also doubles as a guide, pointing out wildlife, birds, or plants you may otherwise miss and giving you a bit of background on the species. This knowledge can be very rudimentary, however; if you want a really good guide (and if this is your first safari, you should definitely try to budget for this), you should choose a company that prides itself on the quality of its guiding and invests in specialized training, however since self-drive safaris are only possible in public parks that usually have paved roads and signs, you need not worry about getting lost in the plains of Africa or becoming food for a hungry lion. For the cheapest possible safari, self-drive in Tsavo National Park is your best bet. You can pay for a la carte for meals, tours and accommodations, enabling you to opt for the most inexpensive lodging you can find or tour the bush on your own instead of hiring a guide. Book a Self Drive with us and discover why self drives are a popular way to discover Tsavo National Park. Allow our consultants to tailor make your self drive safari, giving you freedom to be flexible and the independence to travel where you want to; the advantage of a guided self drive is you'll be guided by an expert but will still be able to drive your own vehicle and experience an intimate and private safari yourself. One potential drawback of a Tsavo National Park self-drive safari is that without a knowledgeable local guide, you may miss some wildlife. To remedy this problem, read guidebooks on spotting wildlife in Tsavo National Park, bring a field guide or stop and ask other travelers where they've seen the best game (this is easier to do in the popular public parks).


    What Does the “Tsavo National Park Safari Package" Include?


    All meals, drinks, laundry, transfers to and from the nearest airstrip, daytime game drives in 4X4 vehicles with trained driver/guide (bush walks and night game if available), and camping safari fees (if applicable). Cigars and private cellar items are available at supplementary costs, as are medical insurance, tips, and personal items. Game package rates exclude park fees, but tour Tsavo National Park travel operators factor these in.


    Are Mosquitoes a Real problem?


    You won't be bothered much in the dry seasons (usually Jan-Feb and May-Sept) or at sufficiently high altitude unless you are near stagnant water, but malaria is a real risk. If you are entering a high-risk zone for the first time, a course of ant malarial pills is essential. What is prescribed will depend on your health profile, but Malarone (or Malanil, as it also known) is the most effective (98%) and has the fewest side effects. You take it only 1 day before entering a malarial area and continue the course for only 7 days after you leave the area. The downside? It's pretty expensive! Larium and its later version, Mefliam, are cheaper and are weekly doses, but these have strong potential side effects for certain people (including night sweats, bouts of depression, anxiety hallucinations, nausea exacerbated by alcohol, and sometimes intense headaches that will obviously spoil any holiday to Tsavo National Park). They should be started 1 week prior to entering the area (2 weeks to give yourself time to switch), and you need to take them for 4 weeks after leaving the area. Doxycycline is the other choice; it's also a schedule 4 drug (a category of drugs with less potential for abuse), taken once daily, but we have heard that it is possible to find it without prescription in East Africa, should you forget your tabs at home (but we strongly advise you to get -- and pack -- your malaria prophylaxis in your home country). Doxycycline is an antibiotic (not great for the immune system) and needs to be taken for 4 weeks after leaving the area. Needless to say, none of these should be taken if you are pregnant. Chloroquine, a once commonly prescribed ant malaria drug, has been proven to be completely ineffective.


    What about Other Insects?


    Some people will criticize a Tsavo National Park lodge or -- heavens above -- a Tsavo National Park tented camp because they encountered a few "bugs" in their room or tent. Really, you're in the middle of a massive wilderness area, and aside from mosquitoes, the resident insects mean you no harm (and count yourself lucky if you're sharing a room with a gecko or a lizard, as mosquitoes are a favored part of their diet). If you have a real bug phobia, we gently suggest that you reconsider your holiday destination. Most camps and lodges in Tsavo National Park will spray your tent or room while you are at dinner, rendering the space bug-free for much of the night; there's usually some kind of bug spray in every room, and mosquito nets are so common that a lot of places admit that they're mainly for decorative effect. Tsetse flies can be a problem during game drives when windows are open or the vehicle's top is up. To deal with these, don't wear dark clothes and consider packing a fly swatter; the tsetse fly is a relatively slow mover and very satisfying to swat.


    Am I Safe from Wild Animals While on Tsavo National Park Safari?


    It is not in any Tsavo National Park operator, camp, or lodge's interest to lose a client, so they don't. Driver/guides will look out for you and inform you of the rules (such as not alighting from the vehicle in Tsavo National Park for any reason). Upon arrival at your Tsavo National Park destination, you will -- once the sun has gone down -- be asked what time you want to dine, then told to wait in your room or tent until an askari (usually a brightly garbed Maasai carrying a spear or machete) knocks on your door or calls out to escort you to the dining room and then back again after dinner. (The exception to this is at the large Tsavo National Park hotel-like lodges, which is yet another reason to avoid these.) Some find it an exciting ritual, others rather tedious, but given that you are in an unfenced wilderness area where predators roam at will, it's best to follow the rules and move around only with an escort after dark. Tents (and many rooms) do not have telephones -- you will be given a whistle for emergencies or a two-way radio (obviously not to be used to place a drinks order). The time to be especially vigilant and alert to the potential dangers in the wilds is while out on Tsavo National Park bush walks or Tsavo National Park hiking safaris. Whatever the case, you will always be with an experienced (hopefully, armed) ranger, guide, or Maasai tracker. It is absolutely in your best interest to follow his or her instructions very clearly and be on full alert at all times.


    This is not the place to let your guard down for even a moment. By way of example, seven people (including one tourist) were killed by elephant in the Masai Mara in Western Kenya in 2007, so never become too lax about anticipating any potential danger. Some of the most frightening stories (including a recent National Geographic article about a life-threatening attack on expert elephant man Ian Douglas-Hamilton) involve victims who have plenty of experience in the bush. Under no circumstances should you ever wander off alone -- even in broad daylight -- and when you are out walking, always inform your guide or ranger if you need to use the toilet or are going to stop for a moment to take a photograph. If a dangerous animal -- elephant, buffalo, rhino, hippo, or any predator -- should chance upon you (or you upon it), the chance of survival without the aid of your ranger or guide is close to zero. Most precautions in the bush are actually linked to common sense, but it's easy, when staying in sophisticated Tsavo National Park lodges and Tsavo National Park camps, to forget that you're in the middle of a different world -- one where the beasts still rule. Unless you've been given absolute thumbs up, do not swim in dams, lakes, or rivers. Hippos may be grass eaters, but they're Africa's biggest killers (after mosquitoes) and are known to snap humans in half with their powerful jaws. In 2007, one of Kenya's top professional guides was taken by a crocodile when he stupidly decided to take a dip in a river. And just because you feel safe and cosseted in your Tsavo National Park safari vehicle, don't think the animals aren't sensitive enough to know if they're being teased, taunted, or cajoled. A Range Rover is no match for an angry elephant. Always treat any and all wildlife with respect, and encourage your driver to keep a safe, respectful distance when viewing and tracking animals.


    What Happens If I Have Special Dietary Requirements?


    This is not a problem as long as you let your us know well in advance -- bear in mind that everything has to be trucked or flown in, and stock has to be micromanaged to avoid waste, so it's hard to deal with last-minute requests (though it is incredible what the top-end camps are capable of). As a general rule, make sure we takes note of your food requirements (and -- in the case of the high-end lodges -- your drinks preferences, too) at the time of booking.


    Should I Bring My Hair Dryer? Adaptor Plugs?


    Although many Tsavo National Park lodges don't have a hair dryer in the room, they will have one or two at reception. This is hardly convenient or practical, so if you're dependent on one, bring it. That said, if you want to visit semi-permanent tented camps in Tsavo National Park, leave it in the suitcase, or check first that you are not overloading the system, as they use a lot of power. The power systems that operate at many Tsavo National Park camps and Tsavo National Park lodges (notably the eco-friendly ones) will malfunction if you plug in your hairdryer, and there are even a handful of high-end facilities that don't supply power to the tents out of principle. Some Tsavo National Park camps offer 24-hour solar power, but many are still powered with a generator that is switched off at night. Flashlights and candles are supplied in this case. Every camp in Tsavo National Park or lodge in Tsavo National Park has adaptor plugs, but to save the hassle of going to reception (and, on occasion, being forced to hand over a deposit), bring your own. If having access to power is likely to be a deal breaker when choosing where to stay, be sure to investigate this issue thoroughly.


    Will I Have Internet & Cell phone Reception?


    For better or worse, cell phone reception is remarkably good throughout Tsavo National Park. With a few exceptions in specific lodges and camps, reception is also very good in much of Kenya's safari territory -- although it must be said that the private conservancies in places such as Laikipia and the Masai Mara National Park are far better covered than the national parks; in some of the large parks, such as Tsavo National Park, it's possible to drop out of contact with the outside world completely for a few days (which is not necessarily a bad thing). Internet is available at the big lodges; count on around $10 for 30 minutes. In Tsavo National Park, many of the smaller camps and lodges have Wi-Fi (or some access to an Internet facility) -- of course, limited electricity may make it difficult to power up your laptop, and there's every chance that the server won't be working


    Can I Use My Credit Card While on Safari to Tsavo National Park?


    Ideally, no. Many places don't take cards; others convert all the charges to U.S. dollars at a very unfavorable exchange rate. Try to prepay for as much as possible and carry cash (U.S. dollars) on you for tipping and small purchases. Traveler's checks are useful for big purchases, but there is often a surcharge for using them, just as there is for using a credit card. If you are not American, change your currency into dollars before arriving in Tsavo National Park, and try to grab a handful of the local currency for smaller payments at the airport (using an ATM) when you arrive. A growing trend in Kenya is to quote prices (and accept payment) in euros or British pounds in addition to U.S. dollars; Kenyan shillings (Ksh) are also widely quoted. Throughout this guide, our accommodation reviews carry credit card information; we've listed those cards that can be accepted for payment on-site. For the most part, when it comes to booking a Tsavo National Park trip, you'll have paid for your Tsavo National Park accommodations and Tsavo National Park safari package well in advance (operators won't secure your reservation until payment is received). Most places will have a minimum amount for credit card payments, but unless we've listed them as a "no credit cards" operation, you should be able to pay for extras (drinks, additional specialist activities, balloon rides) using a card.


    How Important Is the Lodging on Tsavo National Park Safari?


    With no nightlife, restaurants, or shopping experiences, and usually no TV, where you stay is very important. If you can afford it, select a private Tsavo National Park safari lodge or Tsavo National Park safari camp that takes no more than 18 guests -- this means you are given very personal service and the peace to absorb your surroundings. Privacy is paramount -- units should be set far apart, particularly in Tsavo National Park tented camps where canvas does nothing to insulate sound. If you don't mind living out of a suitcase, moving from camp to camp is the ideal way to see different environments as well as plentiful game.


    Should I Opt for a Tented Camp or Lodge Experience?


    There are many who say you haven't been on Tsavo National Park Safari trip until you've heard the roar of a lion through canvas. We strongly recommend that you stay in at least one Tsavo National Park tented camp, and regular safari-goers will not set foot in a lodge or any concrete structure in the wilds. If you're edgy about sleeping in a tent, be assured, this is a Tsavo National Park camping, but not as you know it. There are also an increasing number of small lodges that, in their design, eschew traditional distinctions between different kinds of building material. So a cottage may have part-stone, part-canvas walls -- or, in some sections, no walls at all. And it's long been typical of high-end safari tents to come with attached stone-walled bathrooms.


    Tsavo National Park Tented Camps


    If the idea of sleeping in a tent leaves you cold (or even claustrophobic), you haven't been on an exclusive safari to Tsavo National Park. Journalist Henry Morton Stanley (sent by the New York Herald to find Dr. David Livingstone, which he did at Lake Tanganyika in 1871) thought nothing of going on safari with 200 porters to ensure he enjoyed all the comforts he was accustomed to. Today's Tsavo National Park trips tend to have fewer staff, but the comforts are still great. The classic Tsavo National Park safari tent is a great deal more spacious than the kind of tent you'll come across at your average campsite -- big enough to comfortably stand up in, with adequate space to move around your king-size bed; some are even furnished with comfortable chairs and a writing desk. There's almost always a separate dressing area behind the bedroom, which, in turn, leads through to the bathroom -- the walk-in shower privately cordoned off and often open to the stars, the wash basin (often two) dropped in a marble or timber vanity, and a separate toilet.


    Plumbing varies from camp to camp, but permanent Tsavo National Park camps always have flushing toilets. Tsavo National Park Mobile camps vary between flushing (usually chemical) and a short-drop, but are always comfortably outfitted. Bucket showers are provided as and when you wish; staff discreetly hook up a plastic "geyser" -- 20 to 40 liters (5-10 gallons) of hot water heated in a bucket over a fire. Imbued with the subtle smell of wood smoke, the traditional safari shower is one of our favorite experiences. Plumbed showers in the bush are somehow less successful, perhaps because you expect more: Water pressure is usually not high, and it can often take up to 10 minutes for water to heat properly (sometimes not at all). Basins are always provided, with jugs of cold and hot water in mobile camps; taps are plumbed in permanent camps.


    Electricity is best when it's 100% solar generated; many camps, however, still rely on oil-fueled generators, which are buried and located far away. Although there is no noise pollution, the generator still has to be switched off, usually between 11pm and 6am.


    Furnishings are always practical and often luxurious, with the best tents romantically lit with solar-powered lamps that wouldn't look out of place in a five-star hotel. Most tents have shaded verandas, furnished with comfortable chairs or daybeds from which to enjoy the view. What they often don't have is adequate hanging space, and not all tents have luggage racks. Aside from this minor irritation, the Tsavo National Park tent is -- within reason -- a wonderfully luxurious experience, and while not to everyone's taste (the designer John Galliano famously erupted from his tent in Amboseli, shouting "Who invented this, this 'thing' called canvas?!"), the thrill of having nothing but canvas between you and the wilderness is unbeatable. If you're lucky enough to have the wildlife move past, you will be serenaded by a symphony of snorts and calls, one of the most harmonious and beautiful "languages" in nature; if you're near a koppie, rock hyraxes will use your canvas roof as a slide, a baboon may opt to take a rest on your veranda, or you may be woken by the "scrunch, scrunch" of tearing grass and exit to startle a grazing zebra. And when the night is rent by the roar of a lion, you will curl as close to your partner as you did on your wedding night, no matter that the lion is probably miles away, or that no one has ever been attacked in a zipped tent. It's simply the best of Africa -- wild and untamed -- experienced under 400-thread-count linen.


    About Tipping?


    Bring plenty of low-denomination dollars for tipping at each camp or lodge; the best camps have a communal box so that tips are shared equitably between front- and back-of-house (or tent) staff. Specialized services such as a private butler or your driver/guide are usually tipped at $10 a day per person. You may, of course, tip more, or not at all, depending on service rendered.


    What Should I Wear?


    Loose cotton clothing tends to be the most comfortable and protects your limbs from mosquitoes. If you intend to walk, you'll need long pants to protect you from prickly vegetation and ticks, as well as comfortable hiking boots, but given that walking in the national parks is usually not allowed, keep your feet cool and pack sandals for the game drives. A warm sweater and pants are essential if you're going to visit the escarpment areas (such as Ngorongoro), and you'll need cold-resistant clothing for places such Mount Kenya and something to keep you dry should the heavens decide to open during the rainy season (and they will).


    What Else Should I Pack?


    Pack light, particularly if you are taking a charter plane, which currently allows only one soft-sided bag per person weighing a maximum 15kg (33 pounds) -- they're not as strict as in, say, Bear in mind that game packages include free laundry, so packing light shouldn't be a problem. A fitted broad-brimmed hat, swimwear, good sunglasses, and sunscreen are essential. Though some lodges supply insect repellent, pack your own, as well as every other malaria precaution. If you take any special medication or prescription drugs, bring them along with you, as you're unlikely to find exact matches, even in the Nairobi or Mombassa pharmacies. Dust can affect the durability of contact lenses, so bring a pair of glasses as a backup, as well as sufficient cleaning solution for your lenses. And, of course, don't forget binoculars and a camera (and, if you're not using digital, plenty of film.) A fly swatter, kept in your vehicle, is useful for dealing with the tsetse flies.


    Birds of Tsavo West National Park


    Tsavo National Park has a prolific birdlife with an astounding checklist of up 500 species on record. The Park lies within the migratory routes of pale arctic migrants which qualifies it an important spot for these species especially the rarely seen Sooty and Eleonora’s Falcons. The park is home to 61 of the 94 species of the Somali-Masai biome that occur in Kenya. Four globally threatened species namely; Taita Thrush, Friedmann’s Lark, Lesser Kestrel and Basra Reed Warbler along with seven regionally threatened species namely; African Fin foot, African Darter, Great egret, Saddle-billed Stork, White-headed Vulture, Martial Eagle, and Violet Wood Hoopoe have been recorded at this site. Tsavo East National Park holds substantial populations of a diversity of other wildlife, from large and small mammals to amphibians, reptiles, rich flora, to insects just to mention but a few.


    Mzima Springs Tsavo West


    Mzima Springs is one of the main attractions in Tsavo National Park are the Mzima Springs, located 48km from the Mtito Andei Gate and close to both Kilaguni Lodge and Kitani Bandas. The two large pools, connected by a rush of rapids are replenished with two hundred and twenty million liters of crystal-clear water every day, from the underground streams stemming from the lava the Chyulu Hills, 40-50 kilometers away. This fresh water at Mzima forms a haven to a huge variety of wildlife including hippo and crocodiles, but is an important source of drinking water for many animals including elephants, lion, gazelles, zebra and giraffe. The upper (or long) pool is the favored hippo wallow, while the crocodiles have retreated to the broader expanse of water lower down. There is a car park at Mzima and you are permitted to walk down to the water following a path, from here you may be rewarded with a sighting of animals coming down to the waters edge to drink as well as that of Hippos in the water. It is also worth walking around this lower pool where, if you’re stealthy, you have a good chance of seeing crocodiles, just make sure there’s not one on the bank behind you. Chaimu Crater- Just west of bthe springs is the Chaimu Crater; this volcanic crater is less than 200 years old and composed mainly from black coke. It is well worth the tour and you can climb by foot. Animals to look out for in this area include klipspringer and the lesser Kudu antelope.


    David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust


    The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust is a small, flexible charity, established in 1977 to honor to memory of a famous Naturalist, David Leslie William Sheldrick MBE, the founder Warden of Tsavo National Park in Kenya, where he served from its inception in 1948 until his transfer to Nairobi in 1976 to head the Planning Unit of the Wildlife Conservation & Management Department. His legacy of excellence and the systems he installed for the management of Tsavo and wildlife generally in Kenya, particularly in the sphere of wildlife husbandry and ethics, lives on. The name of Sheldrick and Tsavo are synonymous and it is in Tsavo that the Trust places emphasis. 8069 sq. miles in extent, the Tsavo National Park is Kenya’s largest wildlife refuge, harboring the country’s single largest population of elephants and a greater biodiversity of species than any other Park in the world, since, by fortunate accident, there the Northern and Southern races of many species merge. Being of low and erratic rainfall, it is arid marginal tsetse infested land easily reduced to desert under domestic stock and as such unsuitable for ranching or agricultural activities. In a country where an expanding human population is making increasing demands on the land, there is no better form of land use for this region than under wildlife. Tourism is a main source of foreign exchange for the country so Tsavo under wildlife is an extremely valuable National resource.


    The Tsavo National Park very size is its strength, for it is self sustainable and ecologically viable without intrusive human interference of its wild populations, other than to monitor, learn, take heed and better understand Nature’s ways. Indeed Tsavo can boast a proven record in this respect, having weathered devastating droughts and violent flooding, epidemics of rinderpest plus natural population surges and swings triggered by elephant induced vegetation progression, yet its rich biodiversity remains intact, strengthened through accepting natural selection which is a vital tool to distil out imperfections and keep the gene pools pure. Besides harboring most of Kenya’s elephants, and providing the space they need for a quality of life in elephant terms, Tsavo is also home to the last of the great herds of buffalo in Kenya, the rare Hirola, or Hunters hartebeest, the largest population of lions left in Africa and a broad spectrum of other predators in healthy numbers, including the now extremely rare African hunting dogs, striped and spotted hyaenas (under pressure in small sanctuaries) with reported sightings by experienced Naturalists of Brown Hyaenas as well, previously not recorded in this part of the world..


    Tsavo Rock climbing:


    In 1978 Bill Woodley, then the warden of Tsavo National Park, invited the Mountain Club of Kenya (MCK) to explore the cliffs in the park. The setting for climbers is superb with elephant roaming the plains below the cliffs and eagles, vultures and falcons circling on thermals around the crags with Kilimanjaro frequently visible on a clear day. The rock-climbing is some of the best in Kenya; solid gneiss walls are often covered in holds and free of vegetation. Cracks and corners abound, but tend to be more vegetated. The most impressive piece of rock, the 300m high east face of Kichwa Tembo, attracted the first explorers and resulted in the ascent of Great Tsavo Chimney. Mastadon took 3 visits before it was completed. A more recent route, Ivory Tower on Elephant Rocks, ranks with the best and hardest bush climb in Kenya. Generally pegs need not be carried. Unless climbing in the shade, an early start is advisable as it often gets very hot on clear days. The permit the MCK has to climb here, and to camp by the Tsavo River, is a special privilege and every effort must be made not to jeopardize this situation by careless actions. Other climbers should initially contact the MCK if wishing to climb here.


    Tsavo National Park Fees


    Entry to either Tsavo East National park and Tsavo West National park is Non residents $65 per day for adults and $30 for children ages 3 to 18; and for Kenya residents is Kshs 1000 adults and 500 children, if you want to see both Tsavo parks in a single day (although, given the enormity of each of them, you should have no reason to do this), you will need to pay twice. Access to either park is by means of a KWS Smartcard, which your ground operator can purchase or we could purchase on your behalf, and loads for you in advance of your arrival; don't arrive without a prepaid card, as this will mean making a time-consuming detour to Tsavo park headquarters to pick up a new card. Entry fees for various national parks and reserves across the country are set to go up with effect from January 1, 2014. This follows gazettement of the new rates by the Minister for Forestry and Wildlife Hon Dr Noah Wekesa in a Special Issue of the Gazette Notice No. 207 dated December 24, 2010. The name of the charges has been changed from “park entry fees” to “conservation fees” to reflect the fact that whenever visitors enter national parks, they are making a contribution to conservation and continued survival of wildlife and their habitats for generations to come. Conservation is an expensive exercise that constantly demands more resources to maintain infrastructure and the ecological integrity of the wildlife habitats. The new rates will largely affect foreigners visiting five popular but ecologically fragile national parks of Lake Nakuru, Tsavo East, Tsavo West, Amboseli and Meru. The new fees will be applicable during the high seasons months of January, February, March, July, August, September and October


    Lake Jipe


    Lake Jipe is located in the southwestern corner of Tsavo National Park is Lake Jipe. 10km long and 3km wide it has huge reed beds and although there is game present, it is the rich bird life that is most impressive here. Pied Kingfishers, palmnut vultures, black herons and African skimmers, Purlpe Gallinule, Black Herons, the Pygmy Goose and the Lesser Jacana are all found in this area around the lake.


    Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary


    At the base of the Ngulia Hills, this 70 km2 fenced area has been established to protect and conserve the rare black rhinoceros and is now a reserve for more than 50 rhinoceros. The sanctuary can be visited by car as few roads are crossing the reserve and black rhinoceros are often seen in the Ngulia Rhinoceros Sanctuary.


    Shetani Lava Flow and Cave:


    The Shetani flow, a black lava flow of 8 km long, 1.6 km wide and 5 meters deep, is the remain of volcanic eruptions . Climbing the flow is not an easy task as the thick black soil is composed of uneven chunks of solid magma. The cave, located near the center of the outflow, has two large opening and one ancient tree is growing between them. Although the cave is only few meters long, the exit is not accessible.


    Chaimu Crater:


    Chaimu crater – or the devil’s crater translated in Kamba is a tall rising hill clad in the brighten black color of the lava stones. This recent volcano can be climb as there is a track leading to the top. Climbing the hill is not easy as it can be very hot and the ground, where no vegetation is yet grown, is not very stable and slippery. At the top, the view is again breathtaking.


    The Mudanda Rock is an Ayer’s Rock-like sandstone inselberg whose bare flanks form a natural water catchment area that feeds into a large, seasonal lake, attracting large numbers of animals. The Yatta Plateau is a 300km ancient lava flow that stretches along the east and north bank of the Athi-Galana. Its geomagnetic qualities are believed to play a role in guiding migratory birds and large numbers of Palearctic migrants can be seen in the area. The Lugard Falls are a series of short falls and steep rapids on the Galana River, where relatively harder rock has created a bottleneck in the valley and impedes the river’s progress. Crocodile Point, where the big reptiles can often be seen basking in the sun, is just downstream from here. At some point on most Tsavo East safaris, you're almost bound to stop here to stretch your legs and takes photos.


    Tsavo West National Park Rules


    • It is forbidden in Tsavo National park to travel in an open vehicle while in the Tsavo National Park.
    • Stay in your Tsavo National park safari vehicle all the time.
    • Get out only at designated areas.
    • Off road driving in Tsavo National park is not allowed.
    • View the Tsavo National park wildlife from a distance with binoculars.
    • Off road driving destroys vegetation, might kill wildlife and could interfere with the daily routine of animals. The tracks formed become an eyesore. Animals have a right of way.
    • Do not harass them or make loud sounds – this might scare then and make them nervous. Patience pays!
    • Remember not to litter in Tsavo National park
    • Remember: Do not take away anything in Tsavo National park, but photographs and leave nothing behind but footprints.
    • Respect the privacy of the wildlife, this is their habitat.
    • Beware of the animals, they are wild and can be unpredictable.
    • Don't crowd the animals or make sudden noises or movements.
    • Don't feed the animals, it upsets their diet and leads to human dependence.
    • Keep quiet, noise disturbs the wildlife and may antagonize your fellow visitors.
    • Stay in your vehicle at all times, except at designated picnic or walking areas.
    • Keep below the maximum speed limit (40 kph/25 mph).
    • When viewing wildlife keep to a minimum distance of 20 meters and pull to the side of the road so as to allow others to pass.
    • Leave no litter and never leave fires unattended or discard burning objects.
    • Respect the cultural heritage of Kenya, never take pictures of the local people or their habitat without asking their permission, respect the cultural traditions of Kenya and always dress with decorum.
    • Stay over or leave before dusk, visitors must vacate the Tsavo National park between 6.00 p.m. - 6.00 a.m. unless they are on Tsavo National park camping safari overnight. Night game driving is not allowed.
    Our Tsavo National Park Guides


    We are known worldwide for employing the finest naturalists on the planet! In Kenya, rather than using less qualified local camp guides at each stop, or an inexperienced safari guide as a tsavo trip escort, our Tsavo National Park safari guides are the most highly trained guides in Africa, and equally devoted to providing highly personalized service tsavo tours. On our Tsavo National Park safaris our travel guides are also expert photographers, constantly by your side to help you get the best possible pictures. With our groups from beginning to end, our tour guides average more than 15 years' guiding experience each, and their training is further enhanced by our premiere scientists. Our philosophy on this is simple: an African safari is only as good as the safari guide, so we must provide the very best! We will explore the wilds of Kenya in custom-built, durable 4x4 Toyota Land Cruisers or Land Rovers. We limit our vehicles to only six guests per vehicle plus the guide giving all travelers a window seat and extra access to one of three separate roof hatches, or one large one that can be opened to maximize photo opportunities or closed during inclement weather and longer transfers. In certain areas of Savo west National Park, open sided vehicles with a canvas roof are used, offering an open field of view and protection from the elements. Built to withstand the rigors of rough roads, they provide a comfortable ride and excellent wildlife viewing opportunities for travelers. Reinforced suspension systems and spacious interiors enhance the vacation to Tsavo experience. Amenities available in each vehicle include a car fridge or cool boxes with water and soft drinks, bird and mammal reference guides, bean bags for camera stability, and Maasai shuka blankets for added warmth on cool morning and evening drives. Our vehicles truly enhance our safari experience!


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